From the beginning to the 1700′s

The oldest document citing Scansano dates from 1188 in a notice from Pope Clement III (Bolla di Clemente III), and it is again mentioned in the Act dividing the two family branches of the Counts Aldobrandeschi of Sovana and of Santa Flora, granting the latter Scansano and its district.

Situated on the hilltop which naturally separates the land lying on its two sides, Scansano was subject to a variety of fates during the course of the on-going battles between the Aldobrandeschi family and the Republic of Siena.

Several times the militia from Siena went to Scansano, and in 1330 “the first initiative was against the Land of Scanzano, which was occupied by attack and sacked and burned, so that the Counts (Aldobrandeschi) who were defending, had time with many of their own to save themselves by fleeing to Santa Flora”.

In 1331, following the ritual submission of the Counts to the Republic of Siena: “Hereby the peoples of Siena shall return to the Counts the Land of Scanzano, but dismantled, the Fortress leveled, the moats filled…”

In 1439, following the marriage of Cecilia Aldobrandeschi with Bosio of Muzio Attendolo Sforza of Cotignola, Scansano passed under the domain of the Sforza who, along with other territories, dominated it for roughly two centuries.

In 1615 Mario Sforza allied Scansano and Pomonte with Cosimo II of the Medici, who between 1617 and 1619 brought the Medici militia to the gates of Scansano (entry gate to the historic center).

In 1738 Scansano passed under the rule of the Grand Duke of Lorraine, becoming in 1776 seat of the Mayorship, and in 1783 of the Community, which, in addition to the capitol, included Cotone, Montorgiali, Montiano, Poggioferro, Pancole, Collecchio, Polveraia, Montepò, Pomonte.

Scansano and its territory in the 1800′s

Scansano and its territory, at the beginning of the 1800′s, had particular qualities rooted, as we saw, in specific historical events dating from its Roman Etruscan origins.

The territorial organization, the particular conditions of the Maremma area near Mount Amiato, as well as the agricultural structure, did not favor the development of husbandry, contrary to the greater part of Tuscany starting in the High Middle Ages.

The presence of vast forest areas, the diffusion of small land holdings dedicated to farming and the existence of large rural estates, consequently determined the cultivation regulations and techniques.

This order was also influenced by the special market conditions and by the mobility of the population owing to the presence of mineral extraction works which began in the XVIth century, as well as, during the course of the 1800′s, to the official system called “estatatura”, whereby during the summer months the public offices of Grosseto were transferred here, a practice set up by Leopold II and in effect until 1897.

The 1900′s

The Consortium to protect Morellino di Scansano wine was founded in 1992, and today there are 26 wineries in the consortium, as well as 150 members producing DOC grapes, which are conferred to the Cooperative Winery of Morellino di Scansano.

The aim of the Consortium is to give a direction to the wine growing industry of the territory, to guarantee its quality by establishing production standards, and to increase the market value of the product.

By means of a decree dated December 28, 2000, published in the Official Newsletter (Gazzetta Ufficiale), number 18 of January 23, 2001, The Agricultural and Forestry Ministry granted the Consortium the responsibility of “safeguarding, increasing the value, and in general taking care of the interests relating to the appellation in question, as well as of submitting proposals and consultation work to the public administration, as per article 19, paragraph 1, of the law dated February 10, 1992, number 164″.

Characteristics of Morellino di Scansano DOCG

As of the 2007 harvest Morellino di Scansano has become a DOCG, which is a Controlled and Guaranteed Appellation of Origin, a change that is bringing about an increase in the quality of this extremely interesting Tuscan wine.

Following are the characteristics of the wine as per the established production standards:

Morellino di Scansano has an intense ruby red colour, tending towards garnet when aged; the olfactory quality must be intense, fine, fresh, fruity with notes of red fruits, marasca cherries, frequently plum, ethereal, can have a hint of wood; to the taste it is dry, warm, slightly tannic, supple when aged.

The alcohol content by volume is 12.50% for the red wine, and 13.00% for the reserve wine, which must undergo an aging period of not less than two years, of which at least one in wood barrels.

The aging period begins on January 1st following the year of production of the grapes.

The minimum total acidity must be less than 4.50 g/l; the dry extract must be minimum 24.0 g/l for the red wine and 26.0 g/l for the reserve.

The minimum total acidity must be less than 4.50 g/l; the dry extract must be minimum 24.0 g/l for the red wine and 26.0 g/l for the reserve.